How to write a good essay: Paraphrasing the question

  • Added:  11 months ago
  • Do you sometimes struggle to begin writing an essay when taking an exam? Good news! There is an important writing skill that will help you improve your essay introductions. This technique is called "paraphrasing", and it means rewriting something using different words. In this lesson, I will teach you how to paraphrase successfully and how to change essay questions into your own words. These skills are very useful for university and high school students, as well as any students writing English proficiency exams like the TOEFL or IELTS.
    WATCH NEXT: Essay Writing – 6 ways to compare:


    Hi, there. My name is Emma, and in today's video I'm going to teach you something very important for if you're taking any type of test that has a writing component. So, if you are taking the IELTS, the TOEFL, the CELPIP, even just a university test, it can be any type of test, but if you're asked to write something like an essay or a paragraph, this video is for you. Okay? So I'm going to teach you a very important skill that will help improve your marks when it comes to writing on tests. So, let's get started.

    So, I have here an essay question. This question is actually... I've seen it on the IELTS. You know, you have similar types of questions on the TOEFL, sometimes in university. The question is this: "Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. Do you agree or disagree?" Or maybe: "To what extent do you agree or disagree?" So, this is an example of a question you might be asked.

    Now, a problem a lot of students have is in their answer to this question. They see this, and they think: "Okay, education is the most important factor in the development of a country, yes, I agree." So then they... Or: "I disagree", and they start writing. And what do they write? Usually the very first thing students will write is this: "I agree that education is the single most important factor in the development of a country because..." So, what is the problem with this? Is there any problem to start off your essay with something like this, or to start off your answer? There's a big problem. So I want you to take a moment and think: "What could be the problem with starting your essay off with this sentence?" Okay, well, if you noticed, you have here the word: "education, education, is, is, the single most important, most important factor". If you notice, these are the same. They're the exact same, except for: "I agree that" and "because". The student, here, has used the exact same wording that is in the question. So, if you do this on the IELTS-and many students do this, same with on the TOEFL-you actually will lose marks, and same with in university, because you're not showing your abilities; you're just copying what somebody else has said or what the essay question is.

    So, in this video, I'm going to show you first off... First off, I'm going to tell you: Don't do this, don't copy. And I'm going to teach you ways in order to improve yourself and your answer by changing this wording. How can you change your introduction so it's different than what the question is? Okay? So, let's look at how to make these changes.

    Okay, so what we are going to do in order to change the question into a proper answer that doesn't just copy the question, is we are going to paraphrase. So, the word here is: "paraphrase". This might be a new word for you. What does it mean to paraphrase something? Well, when we paraphrase, it means we take a sentence that, you know... We take somebody else's sentence and we change it into our own words. Okay? So, we change the words of a sentence, we also change maybe the sentence structure, but we keep all the same meaning. Okay? So, the meaning from the sentence you copy, it stays the same, same meaning, but different words and different sentence structure. Okay? So it's in your words, but this other person's meaning.

    So, we are going to paraphrase this example of a question into our own words. So, first we're going to look at how to do that using vocabulary and synonyms. So, we have here the same question: "Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country." How can we put this into new words or our own words that keep the same meaning? Well, we can use synonyms. So, this might be a new word for you, too. A "synonym". "Synonyms" are words that have the same meaning, but are different words.
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Comments: 1 038


    your video is so helpful to me thank you...

  • Irishe Himaya
    Irishe Himaya Day ago

    Thanks so much Emma! I've been following you with your videos and learning a lot. You're a great help!

    You look like Avril Lavigne by the way. 😅😅😅

  • Raja Ram
    Raja Ram 2 days ago

    thank u maam

  • Naveed Ash
    Naveed Ash 2 days ago

    Emma,your lecture is very helpful.

  • deeksha singhnahar
    deeksha singhnahar 2 days ago

    Can we say academic learning instead of education

  • Sithara Banu
    Sithara Banu 3 days ago

    Thank you it was useful and the points were great

  • Sithara Banu
    Sithara Banu 3 days ago

    Thank you it was useful and the points were great

  • Rozel Palacol
    Rozel Palacol 4 days ago

    im only 5th

  • Pomanusorn Mek
    Pomanusorn Mek 4 days ago

    good teachers

  • Gera Gonzalez
    Gera Gonzalez 5 days ago

    your class are very interesting,
    moreover you are so beautiful

  • Baljinder Singh
    Baljinder Singh 5 days ago


  • Fabio Mauricio
    Fabio Mauricio 5 days ago

    It is the first time i watch your class. i liked a lot. it was very helpful

  • Dechasa Abdi
    Dechasa Abdi 5 days ago

    Thanks for your advice

  • Nour2006 Ibraheem
    Nour2006 Ibraheem 5 days ago

    I'm watching for the writing that we do in the school.

  • It is i, The Frenchiest Fry

    Paraphrasing is soo handy but then again it is very very hard to meet the word count.

    RITESH KUMAR MISHRA 6 days ago

    I am Indian

    RITESH KUMAR MISHRA 6 days ago

    hello madam namsate. I have remembered 3000 vocabulary .but my problem is I am unble to not understood paragraph complex sentence ,editorial. my language hindi medium I have studied in hindi medium student. please suggest me

  • joe ramirez
    joe ramirez 7 days ago

    It's hard to focus when watching them tits

  • raushan gupta
    raushan gupta 7 days ago

    Write an essay How to be a good person beyond cast and religion

  • Alex Musso
    Alex Musso 7 days ago

    Thanks a lot!

  • Spicy.Sky
    Spicy.Sky 8 days ago

    love you from England ;) ... you're very helpful on the other hand you're doing great .

  • babu rao rapaka
    babu rao rapaka 8 days ago

    poor idea....i think you are not tackling are helping to fail,with making only concentrate on words..but"Good essay will have good essence and well understanding skills elevation"

  • Josh C.
    Josh C. 8 days ago

    The only thing people retain is the beginning and end of an essay. Yet it is a useless skill forced on us by our educations system. You know what would impress me more than a smart person droning on about something neither of us care about. A smart person who can summarize something that is normally written into an essay without missing the crucial information.

  • Mohammad Ghayas-ud-Din

    So nice of your teaching in very easy and comprehensive way.

  • Crânio Digital
    Crânio Digital 8 days ago

    Thanks Emma, you're an excellent teacher! Take care :D

  • hufane jamaal
    hufane jamaal 9 days ago

    i appreciate the way you help me, not only betterment but essential entire of my children, nation and student

  • Baljot Singh
    Baljot Singh 9 days ago

    thanks for your guidence due to which i got 6 band in ielts only in 10 days......

  • Mobaraka Mirzaie
    Mobaraka Mirzaie 9 days ago

    can we use 'I' or 'We' in a formal essay?

  • monica ortiz
    monica ortiz 10 days ago

    so useful

  • Sania Afrin
    Sania Afrin 10 days ago

    a simple girl with a great behaviour.i like her very mach.

  • eric heine
    eric heine 10 days ago

    Blah , blah, blah, is blah, blah.
    Yadda, yadda, maybe yadda, yadda, yadda. Yadda is yadda, yadda, yadda, yadda. Yes, no? Uh huh is to. Yadda is, as yadda does.
    Iron American Dream on YouTube Share it. Take a ride across the promised land. Concession, located in those little kiosks.

  • Smart Thinker
    Smart Thinker 11 days ago

    Very helpful for international students, most of your Assignments will need to be done in similar approach.

  • Vikas Salvi
    Vikas Salvi 11 days ago

    a really helpful video

  • Rebecca Williams
    Rebecca Williams 11 days ago


  • Gianny Neves
    Gianny Neves 13 days ago

    I liked a lot, very well explained! you teach us with details, I enjoy your videos. thanks a lot. keep on sharing your knowledge with us. Very useful your tips!

  • Zulham mardiansyah
    Zulham mardiansyah 13 days ago

    Good vidio, Hallo everyone, I am stiil learning eanglish, and I need partner to Improve my Eanglish please add this is my WA nubr: 081917258796

  • Liz Bolotin
    Liz Bolotin 14 days ago

    RIZWAN SHAIK 15 days ago

    Thank you Miss Emma
    Its too beneficial for me
    I love you Mam

  • Gammy Dandiwal
    Gammy Dandiwal 16 days ago

    # heartily Thanks mam for give a alot of information about eassy

  • pradeep chauhan
    pradeep chauhan 16 days ago

    Thank you very much mam

  • hacker pirate
    hacker pirate 16 days ago

    her tits are big, massive, enormus, large and huge too!!!

  • hacker pirate
    hacker pirate 16 days ago

    i love her tits, she is hot!!!

  • Anzhela Yesayan
    Anzhela Yesayan 16 days ago

    This is really educational video

  • Noura Obeid
    Noura Obeid 17 days ago

    Thank you a lot .

  • Abdullah Gallal
    Abdullah Gallal 17 days ago

    wow i'm seeing your videos for the first time and you are great thanks alot Emma you're beautiful

  • مصطفى ال مصطفى

    She has great way ✋️

  • Therealfetih
    Therealfetih 19 days ago

    the best teacher ever

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    xpat xpat 19 days ago

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  • singh matharu speaking

    I love Ur lesson but it is to big so please making short please

  • 윤지하
    윤지하 21 day ago

    Very helpful for me.
    Thank you very much, and
    God bless you!

    TOCHUKWU CHIGBO 22 days ago

    Nice job, Emma.

  • J.R.G Wumbo
    J.R.G Wumbo 22 days ago

    learned in 14 minutes what my teacher couldn't do in a whole school year; thank you.

  • Rachelle Thompson
    Rachelle Thompson 24 days ago

    Thank you😄your making since.

  • Shan Sardar
    Shan Sardar 24 days ago

    hello ,,is this paraphrasing is correct for this task in your opinion:
    students should pay the full cost of their own university studies,rather than have free higher education provided by the state.
    paraphrasing is:pupils should offer the total prices of their own university studies,instead of booking higher applied by the government.

  • Max Sahardiid
    Max Sahardiid 25 days ago

    good lesson thaks teacher

  • Fasco Thom
    Fasco Thom 25 days ago

    i am so happy watching this video, its helping me. i keep watching it over and over.. i will continue watching more videos of you

  • Garima Tomar
    Garima Tomar 26 days ago +1

    I have my IELTS tomorrow and I am really nervous 😩

  • Noor Ghattamaneni
    Noor Ghattamaneni 27 days ago

    Madam your so cute and very beautiful

    JITESH SINGH BHATIA 27 days ago

    keen to only learn from u..emaa love u

  • ngọc nhi nguyễn
    ngọc nhi nguyễn 27 days ago +1

    thanks for your great tips! hope for more interesting videos!

  • Elkanah Obutu
    Elkanah Obutu 27 days ago +1

    congratulation Madam ......your class was very important and basic for interpretation and understanding essay's key sentence

  • Tony Cha
    Tony Cha 28 days ago

    You would be a high school teacher

  • Tony Cha
    Tony Cha 28 days ago


  • teame russom
    teame russom 28 days ago

    Emma Great job! the second strategy called concession is particularly invaluable and provide me enormous help. Emma, was it fine to say or to use Although some ......instead of Although many ...This is because we have to boost our position (agree or disagree) not only with our argument but also with others potential argument hence I feel to supplanted many with some in this case.

  • Sitara Iqbal
    Sitara Iqbal 28 days ago

    I like your vidio

  • Eng-Abdullqawi Aljarbany

    Thank you so much
    .. I really like it

  • Adrian Swaby
    Adrian Swaby 29 days ago

    Southern Road Primary School Board
    King Bar New York
    Adrian why do you keep emailing me this stuff

  • Yeni Muslimah
    Yeni Muslimah 29 days ago

    Thankyou Emma... Very usefull for me :)

  • nourdine1902
    nourdine1902 29 days ago

    I would like to learn english speaking with an american or canadian via skype or other way could give me advice.

  • Aruna srinivasan
    Aruna srinivasan 29 days ago

    I would like to know if we can exceed the word limit of 150 and 250 in the 2 passages. One of my essays for passage 2 (250 words at least) went to 333.

  • Malith Machiek
    Malith Machiek 29 days ago

    Best teacher on YouTube.

  • Tanwie Johnson
    Tanwie Johnson Month ago

    Hello dear student

    How are you guys doing today hope fine

    Are you taking IELTS exams in the named countries Iran,Qatar, Dubai, Oman,Kuwait,Bangladesh,Nepal,Bahrain
    We have Leaked question available before exams 29th of July
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  • Reem Rayed
    Reem Rayed Month ago

    Amazing efforts
    Thank you teacher Emma. ;)

    MD REZA Month ago

    Moral of the lesson: Don't directly copy the phrases from question. Use synonyms and try to change the sentence structure or add adverbs/adjectives.

  • Soul Breaker
    Soul Breaker Month ago +2

    I want to learn how to make an IW my new school has that and I dont know what the fuck that is and I dont want to fail plz someone help me😢😢😢😭😭😭

  • Ayaan Ayaan
    Ayaan Ayaan Month ago

    My name is Khaja and i want to learn somebody is interested and this is my what's up Number +919966925848

  • Happy
    Happy Month ago

    I personally never seen any of my friends write i agree ... because .... All my friends would write something like this. It is irrefutable that in order for the successful growth of a nation necessitates an adequate and constitutionallized education system.

  • ali Usman
    ali Usman Month ago

    thanks a lot for this video

  • Walid.Mixedriss Walidyout

    you're a very wonderful teacher and your pronunciation is very beautiful

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  • SYTH !!!
    SYTH !!! Month ago

    If only my English teacher was like Emma I would be finished the tests. Awesome job Emma ;)

  • SYTH !!!
    SYTH !!! Month ago


  • Jawahir AM
    Jawahir AM Month ago

    Thanks 👍🏼✨

  • es narayan
    es narayan Month ago

    very useful and there is a clarity in expression

  • Ezequiel Gouveia
    Ezequiel Gouveia Month ago

    I like you very much! Your way of teaching us is so easy to understand and your accent is very clear.

  • drae b
    drae b Month ago

    I agree that education is one of the most contributing element when it comes to the development of any country.

  • Ines Amaya Diaz
    Ines Amaya Diaz Month ago

    I love your videos. I think you have a very important point of view about writing skills and very helpful as a teacher. Congrats.

  • Omar Sayeed
    Omar Sayeed Month ago

    thanks 🤓😶

  • Duong Ngo
    Duong Ngo Month ago


  • amr samy
    amr samy Month ago


  • halima haloumis
    halima haloumis Month ago

    thank you 😘😘

  • Lakmal De Silva
    Lakmal De Silva Month ago

    Thanks for your guidance. I did the Academic  exam on 24th June 2017 and got,Listening 9Reading 8.5Writing 7.5Speaking 7.5Overall 8 Your videos helped me a lot.

  • Tevfik Klas
    Tevfik Klas Month ago

    seviyorum seni emma

  • Mohammad Davoood
    Mohammad Davoood Month ago

    im thankful to ur goodself..mam EMM..

  • rekha pathak
    rekha pathak Month ago

    Writting the sentence in its passive voice is actually the biggest aspect which will get you good marks :)

  • Sushant Saini
    Sushant Saini Month ago

    tommorow is my paper I'm very nervous about reading and writing modules

  • Mona El Tantawy
    Mona El Tantawy Month ago

    Thank you Emma.

  • gurlabh singh
    gurlabh singh Month ago

    its really handy to understand

  • David W Nghede
    David W Nghede Month ago

    This helped me to improve my matric grade in English 2nd language


    thanks a lot

  • Barbara Jackson
    Barbara Jackson Month ago

    I am enjoying this kind of studies.

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